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"PANCASILA MONUMENT YOGYAKARTA"

 PANCASILA MONUMENT YOGYAKARTA
 
A. Pancasila
Monument
 
Pancasila monument in the city of Yogyakarta, which in ancient times as a fortress proclamation did not escape from the trials of the communist movement, G30S / PKI that has killed Colonel and Lieutenant Colonel Katamso Soegiyono in September in 1965.
As was the case in Jakarta crocodile pit. In place of the discovery of the two heroes of the revolution that was then built Pancasila Monument to the Heroes to commemorate pemberontaka of the communist movement is the case at that time. Some replica or mockups of vehicles used to transport the heroes of the revolution is in this monument.
 
            National hero Brigadier Gen. Posthumous Katamso. He was one of nine heroes of the revolution who died when an event occurs Rebellion G30S / PKI in 1965. At that time this building Brig Katamso abused and eventually killed brutally. His body died horribly.
 
            Cruel and sadistic murder of the Brigadier General and Colonel Infantry Katamso Posthumous Posthumous Sugiono when events uprising 30 September Movement of the Communist Party of Indonesia (G30S / PKI) which is in 1965. As ternukil in history that Rebellion G30S / PKI is a blemish that afflicts the nation's history Inndonesia marked by the kidnapping and gruesome murder beyond the limits of humanity. Nine Heroes of the Revolution finally fall and two of them is Brigadier Gen. Posthumous Posthumous Katamso and Infantry Colonel Sugiono who died on the battlefield in the Yogyakarta area where Pancasila Heroes Monument was built.
 
History in the sequence of events of the tragic murder that occurred in Yogyakarta begins with the arrival of someone named Wiryomartono. He is the chairman of the Special Bureau of the PKI (Indonesian Communist Party) Yogyakarta then see Major Infantry Mulyono one of the Indonesian National Army officer who was in the neighborhood Korem 072 / Pamungkas Yogyakarta on 29 September 1965. He continued the General Council will issue a coup and decisions CC Politburo of the Communist Party of Indonesia to paralyze movement leaders Indonesian Army. That is why in Yogyakarta necessary to support the movement of the movement in Jakarta is also invoke the willingness Major Infantry Mulyono later took over the leadership of Korem 072 / Pamungkas and Major Infantry Mulyono expressed willingness. Colonel Wiryomartono also see Major Infantry Wisnuraji, Battalion Commander "L" Kentungan asking him to help Major Infantry Mulyono when the movement began.
 
            Then on October 1, 1965 the morning after hearing the announcement of the Movement 30S / PKI via RRI Jakarta, and Rem 072 / Pamungkas, Colonel Infantry Katamso quickly gathered his staff and gave a briefing on the situation. He did not believe in what was said by the September 30th Movement and his command to remain loyal to the first President of Indonesia, Ir.Soekarno. Colonel Infantry Katamso also prohibit the press and the radio broadcast information that comes from the movement.
 
            Subsequent developments Major Infantry Colonel Mulyono Wiryomartono urged to immediately form a revolutionary council in Yogyakarta and appointed himself as chairman at that time. So to do that Major Infantry Mulyono should immediately get rid of Dan Rem 072 / Pamungkas Colonel Infantry Katamso.
 
            Then, on October 1, 1965 at about 18:00 Major Infantry Wisnuraji ordered his men, namely PELTU Sumardi to abduct Colonel Infantry Katamso of residence also took his Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Col. Infantry Headquarters Sugiono of Korem 072 / Pamungkas. Both men were taken to Kentungan. Then, on October 2, 1965 at around 02.00 AM, the two officers were taken to a hole that had been prepared in which the killer was waiting. The event is described as follows: At 00:00 pm, PELTU Sumardi wake Pelda Kamil, Officer Investigator Battalion "L" and ordered the murder of Colonel and Lieutenant Colonel Sugiono Katamso.
"What's his problem-he must be killed," asked Kamil.
"This clock, on the orders of the Commander of the Battalion to be done. He orders the murder is also not to be done by a voice ", said Sumardi.
Kamil Pelda only served as a supervisor, who served as the executioner is Serda Alip Toyo and Ru Morter 8 Company Battalion assistance "L".
"Hit them with mortars key 8 and wait at approximately 15 meters from the hole. If Katamso and Lt. Colonel Sugiono already out of the car at the back with the device ", said Sumardi.
 
Soon came the car gas from the north, after stopping Lieutenant Colonel Sugiono down. He was still in uniform, suddenly he was hit from behind with a lock mortar 8 by Toyo Alip. Instantly she fell down. His body was then put in a hole that has been provided. Gas car came for a second time to bring Colonel Katamso, he got out and walked toward the west. But the key blows Morter 8 overwrite the head. Colonel Katamso fell down. She was still alive, Pelda Kamil ordered, "Hit back to death". Serda Alip Katamso Toyo hit again until the autumn. Lieutenant Colonel Sugiono see that the hole is still alive, Alip Toyo throwing large stones into the hole, until Lieutenant Colonel Sugiono stop snoring.
Here are photos of miniature depicting teraniayanya Katamso colonel and Lektol sugiono:
 
Their bodies were recently discovered some 20 days later in a state of disrepair. The bodies of the two Heroes Pancasila buried at the Heroes Cemetery Kusumanegra Yogyakarta
 
Brigadier General C. anmumerta Katamso dharmokusumo
biography
Born in Sragen, February 5, 1923. His father was with his wife Ki Sastrodarmo RR. Pure Sriwulan. Katamso Dharmokusumo successfully menyelasikan education at HIS, MULO, SESKO - AD, and PETA. He has seven (7) children.
History of Struggle
Katamso who had graduated MULO no chance to continue their education to a higher level because of the Japanese occupation of Indonesia.
Katamso Dharmokusumo entry PETA education and after completion appointed Boudanco at Dai II Raidan (Battalion II) in Solo, a year later became Syodanco based in Solo.
After the proclamation of Independence, Katamso BKR Dharmokusumo entry which is then transformed into TKR. Katamso Dharmokusumo appointed Company Commander Klaten and in October 1946 was promoted to Captain. At the time the Dutch military aggression II, his name more known to the public because the guerrilla forces often attack interfere with the position of the Netherlands in the city.
The first year after recognition of Sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia. Disturbed state security hordes DI / TII, in addition to the insurgency Battalion 423 and Battalion 426 who later joined the DI / TII. Katamso captain was involved in the counter-insurgency effort. In 1957 she attended Sekoad Force 6 in Bandung. 1958 West Sumatra arise PRRI followed by North Sulawesi with the establishment Permesta. Major Katamso who just graduated Sekoad A trusted to lead Battalion Operations August 17 which is a joint operation to extinguish the PRRI.
       Completed major operations forces launched a cleanup operation. Major Katamso appointed as Assistant Operations Regiment battle II Diponegoro Team based in Bukit Tinggi. Beginning in 1959 was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. In August 1959 he was appointed as Chief of Staff of the Regiment Riau Military Command III / August 17, then became acting Chief of Staff Regimental Combat Team I / Firm based in Riau. Once drawn to Jakarta he was given a position as officer assigned to the Third Assistant Chief of Staff of the Army, then as commander of Army Infantry Center for Education and Bandung. In August 1963 drawn to the Diponegoro VII Military Command based in Yogyakarta. As a territorial commander, Katamso trying to get closer to the people, taking care education and even build a new building for the school. At the student level Katamso had military training in the hope when - the time required student has been able to lead a company.
All plans Katamso hindered by the outbreak of the G30S / PKI. RRI Jakarta that has dominated PKI announced the formation of the Revolutionary Council. The top officials of the Army in Jakarta they were abducted and killed them. At a time when society riddled with doubt, PKI has prepared a plan to compete for power in Yogyakarta. His first target was Colonel Katamso.
October 1, 1965, Colonel Katamso After returning from Magelang, her proffered to support the requirements of the Revolutionary Council. Colonel firmly rejected. When meeting with the staff at his home, Katamso very surprised to learn its staff much influenced PKI. At gunpoint, he was taken to the village of Kentungan. The night of October 2, 1965 he was killed. His body was put in the hole that has been prepared. Into the hole anyway Sugiyono lieutenant colonel entered, dated October 22, 1965 was buried at the Heroes Cemetery Kusumanegara Yogyakarta. The Government appreciates the services and Colonel Katamso devotion to the nation and the state, by decree of the President: 118 / KOTI / 1965 dated October 19, 1965 set as heroes of the revolution, it posthumously promoted to the rank of Brigadier General.
 
D.Kolonel infantry posthumous Sugiyono
biography
Sugiyono Mangunwiyoto born in Hamlet Gederan, Gunung Kidul in Yogyakarta on August 12, 1926.
His father was Kasan Sumitoredjo and wife named Supriyati and has seven (7) children.
History of Struggle
After completing his school education at the teacher he did not choose to work as a teacher but is more interested in being a military man. At the time of the Japanese occupation government established the MAP, he entered the MAP education and after completion was appointed as Budanco (platoon commander) in Wonosari
After the Proclamation of Independence continued his military career by joining as a member of BKR. Sugiono Mangunwiyoto sebaggai appointed commander of Section BKR Yogyakarta.
October 5, 1945 established BKR TKR and transformed into the rank of Lieutenant TKR With two Sugiyono was appointed Commander of Section 2 Battalion 10 Regiment 3 in Yogykarta. A year later he was appointed as Adjutant Commander of Brigade 10 Division, Lt. Col. Suharto and two years later was appointed as the Brigade Operations Officer C in Yogyakarta. After the war of Independence he was appointed Company Commander of the 4th Battalion of 411 Brigade C Domiciled in Purworejo.
1955 was promoted to captain and then assigned to the Battalion 436 in Magelang. Three years later in 1958 was appointed as deputy commander of Battalion 441 in Semarang and since May 1961 held the post 4117 bull Raider Battalion Commander III with the rank of Major. Battalion Commander of the post he was assigned as a military commander in Yogyakarta concurrently as Acting Chief of Staff 072. In 1963 the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.
Sugiyono at the time of taking office as the District Commanders in Yogyakarta, PKI has shown activity - activity that will eventually lead towards the seizure of state power. Intimidation against unpopular groups often done so that the tranquility of the city to be disturbed. It is the responsibility Sugiyono to maintain security.
Together with Colonel Katamso, Sugiyono make every effort to do the coaching territorial approach with the community and students. It is assessed PKI as a barrier of their activities, so Sugiyono including one of the officers who had to be removed. October 1, 1965 PKI revolt called G30S / PKI.
A major staff officer Koerm 072 Mulyono supporting the rebellion. He divides - distributed weapons to the PKI. Korem headquarters they have mastered, while it Sugiyono went to the headquarters of Korem with the intention of getting organized. Without realizing he was in a trap. Several men entered the room Mulyono Major Sugiyono and marched under the threat of weapons brought to Kentungan. One hour before Colonel Katamso also got the same treatment. Temporarily detained at the headquarters of Battalion 2 Kentungan.
October 2, 1965 at 02.00 pm Lt. Sugiyono released from custody along with Colonel Katamso, were both killed. Major Sugiyono inserted into the same hole with Katamso. The bodies of the two new officers discovered on October 21, 1965. A day later, on October 22, 1965 the two bodies were buried at the grave of Heroes kusumanegara Yogyakarta. The Government appreciates the services and dedication, based on Presidential Decree No. 118 / KOTI / 1965 set as heroes of the revolution, posthumously promoted to the rank of Colonel.
 
E. COLLECTION MUSEUM
Pancasila Monument to the Heroes Museum presents a collection of objects - objects of historic form:
1. Building Collection: gutters, wall fence, gate, space museums and monuments Heroes Pancasila.
2. Collection of Realia (real thing), Replication (mock object), and photographs of the history associated with the events of the G 30 S / PKI.
a. Clothes that have been used by Brigadier General TNI (Anm) Katamso
b. Clothes that have been used by Col. Inf. (Anm) Sugiyono
c. Photographs discovery and documentation of the cemetery Heroes of the Revolution
d. Book-book collection of the museum's collection of struggle
e. Key stone and mortar used to kill Brigadier General TNI (Anm) Katamso and Col. Inf. (Anm) Sugiyono
f. Duplicate vehicle used to abduct to 2 Heroes Revolution
g. Duplicate vehicles used to transport into two bodies of the Revolutionary Heroes Into Kusumanegara TMP.
h. Relief uprising G 30 S / PKI.
F. GENERAL FACILITIES
To improve service to the public, Heroes Museum Pancasila is equipped with facilities that can be used as a venue for various arts, culture and science. The facilities include:
1. Home Affairs: Home Parking
2. In Page: Pancasila Monument, Football Field, Garden
3. The room contained within the museum buildings that can be used for meetings, seminars, lectures / discussions.

 

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